The article reviews the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) related risk factors and the level of their control in Ukrainian population on the basis of information from population surveys and State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Factors having major impact on CVD development in Ukraine are hypertension, dyslipidemia, tobacco use, impaired glucose metabolism and type 2 diabetes mellitus, overweight and obesity, unhealthy diet, low level of physical activity and high level of anxiety. In 2015 the prevalence of hypertension in the Ukrainian population amounted to 29735.4 per 100 000, among the working age population – 18521.5 per 100 000, and the total number of smokers reached 6.2 million. Over past decades, some positive trends concerning Ukrainian population awareness of CVD risk factors may be noted. Tobacco use prevalence dropped from 25.6 % to 18.4 % within 2008–2015, there is a better control of hypertension, more physical activity, and more healthy nutrition. Physicians have been identified by The Ukraine national strategy for improving physical activity (2016) as the preferred source of information about physical activity and its impact on the risk of non-communicable diseases. Effective implementation of evidence-based strategies for CVD prevention require state engagement and adequate funding (budgetary allocations) in primary and secondary healthcare.