N.B. Іvaniuk, О.J. Zharinov, K.O. Mikhaliev, О.А. Еpanchintseva, B.М. Тоdurov. Clinical characteristics and quality of life of patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy selected for revascularization procedures

The aim – to evaluate the clinical characteristics and quality of life (QoL) of patients with stable coronary artery disease, heart failure (HF) and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), prepared under the conditions of real-life practice for myocardial revascularization procedures. The cross-sectional single-center study analyzed data obtained at clinical and instrumental examination of 148 consecutively admitted patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy, including 130 men and 18 women, mean age 62±9 years. The set of examinations required for patient selection and preparation for revascularization procedures were performed. We analyzed demographic characteristics, risk factors, concomitant diseases, background treatment. QoL was assessed by the SF-36 questionnaire and was compared with data from other studies in patients with heart failure. The data show decrease of QoL evaluated by various scales of SF-36 in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy prepared for revascularization procedures. Deterioration of QoL was, in general, consistent with presence of reduced LVEF and a high frequency of concomitant diseases. The need for QoL improvement is one of the main reasons in favor of myocardial revascularization.

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