O.O. Kvasha, I.P. Smirnova, I.M. Gorbas, O.V. Sribna. Cardiovascular risk profile of the urban men: 35-year dynamics

The aim – to evaluate long-term dynamics of the epidemiological conditions of CVD formation among urban men.

Material and methods. During 2014–2015 there were examined 855 men aged 18–64 years. The findings were compared with results of the similar design studies, performed in 1980 (n=1258), 2000 (n=1025), 2005 (n=998) and 2010 (n=1009).

Results. There were no sustained changes of the prevalence of arterial hypertension (30,6 and 27,6 %); prevalence of increased BMI decreased from 44,8 to 33.8 % (Р<0.01), smoking – from 49.9 to 35.2 % (Р<0.01). At the same time, a pronounced and significant increase of risk factors, such as low physical activity (from 19.7 to 38.6 %, Р<0.001), obesity (from 11.3 to 19.7 %, Р<0.01) and hypercholesterolemia (from 46.7 to 60.3 %, Р<0.01) was noted. The percentage of the surveyed subjects with one risk factor decreased by 2.6 times, while the proportion of men with combination of 3 or more risk factors increased by almost 5 times. Conclusions. The negative dynamics of the risk profile among urban men leads to the increase of the population cohort with high risk of CVD and, thus, to the deterioration of health indicators. It is necessary to develop and permanently implement active prevention measures in order to improve epidemiological conditions of CVD formation in the population.

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