V.A. IshchukUse of intermittent normobaric hypoxic trainings in elderly patients with ischemic heart disease

The intermittent normobaric hypoxic trainings (INHT) are non-pharmacological method, which due to several positive effects, has been used successfully in treating patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVD). However,
the application of this method in the elderly has some peculiarities due to age-related changes. The article presents indications and limitations to the use of INHT in elderly people with cardiovascular diseases, the choice of the training mode in the elderly, as well as displays the results of our clinical research study of safety and efficacy of INHT in 45 elderly patients with stable angina of I and II functional classes. It is shown that INHT is a safe method, leading to a decrease in clinical symptoms of angina and duration of daily myocardial ischemia, normalization of lipid metabolism and increased exercise tolerance. Mechanism of positive effects of INHT in patients with stable angina of I and II functional classes are optimization of oxygen consumption, improvement of vasomotor endothelial function due to increased formation of nitric oxide, normalization of microcirculation.

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