The aim – to investigate the acute coronary syndrome without ST segment elevation and concomitant essential hypertension clinical presentation in men and women with Helicobacter pylori infection.
Material and methods. 197 acute coronary syndrome without ST segment elevation patients (age 45–83 years) with essential arterial hypertension and dyspesia were investigated according to the current clinical protocols with total antibodies to Helicobacter pylori rate detection. The patients were divided by the groups of men and women, infected and uninfected with Helicobacter pylori. The clinical presentation of acute coronary syndromes was evaluated using the 13-item Acute coronary syndrome symptoms checklist and the dyspepsia symptoms were estimated by the Likert scale.
Results. In case of Helicobacter pylori infection compared to uninfected patients a significantly higher severity of chest pain, shoulder pain and upper back pain had been revealed, while among women the chest discomfort, sweating and palpitations significantly prevailed. The intensity of dyspeptic symptoms, especially heartburn and nausea, was significantly higher among women infected with Helicobacter pylori. A significant progression of heart failure with higher prevalence of edema and liver enlargement were revealed in men infected with Helicobacter pylori versus uninfected and in men versus women regardless of Helicobacter pylori infection factor.
Conclusions. The obtained link between the total antibodies to Helicobacter pylori titer and the patients’ age, male gender, myocardial infarction history, the prevalence of edema and liver enlargement might indicate a significant clinical course deterioration and heart failure progression in elderly male patients with acute coronary syndromes without ST segment elevation and essential hypertension in case of Helicobacter pylori infection.