Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University, Ukraine
O.O. Bogomolets National Medical University, Kyiv, Ukraine
The review of literature is devoted to results of blood vessels wall stem cells (smooth muscle cells, endotheliocytes) investigation. Contemporary view on the structure components of stem niches, markers and transcriptional factors of the smooth muscle cells and endotheliocytes and their participation in remodeling of blood vessel wall are presented. Data on stem cells and progenitor cells circulating in blood, their age changes and their role in pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases are discussed.